If you want to know more about the fabric of different products at Cherryellie Designs you’re in the right place. Here we have an overview of all the fabrics we stock as well as the different types of headings for our curtains.
HEADINGS OFFERED BY CHERRYELLIE DESIGNS
Pencil Pleat Heading
Pencil Pleat heading creates a standard concertina style heading using either 3” heading tape or for longer curtains and a more dramatic look 5.5” or 6” heading tape. Easy to gather using the ties at each end (secure one end before pulling the ties at the other end) this style of heading offers plenty of flexibility not only in the amount of gather in each curtain panel but also has from 3 to 5 pockets on the tape providing different hanging levels for your curtains.
Triple Pleat Heading
A triple pleat heading is as the name suggests three pleats together and then a gap and a further three pleats. Again this heading style is suitable for a track or pole and can be given an extra edge with matching fabric coloured buttons.
Double Pinch Pleat Heading
Double pinch pleat heading is the same as a triple pleat heading with just two pleats instead of three. Again this heading style is suitable for a track or pole and can be given an extra edge with matching fabric coloured buttons.
Goblet Pleat Heading
Again as the name suggests the gather in the curtain resembles a goblet and with a gap between each goblet this is a very effective heading for both track and pole and with our 6" heading as standard will look very effective.
Box Pleat Heading
This heading will gather into box style pleats which give the curtains a very neat and precise look which will be fine with both track and poles.
Wave Pleat Headings
Wave pleat headings gather into a cylindrical shape which flows down into the curtain again with gaps between each cartridge pleat and suitable for poles only.
Eyelet headings give a contemporary look to your curtains with a choice of 9 metal eyelets to match the curtains and fold into waves when hung from a pole. They would not be suitable for a track.
With regard to curtains look at what you are trying to achieve. Is it insulation, control of light, camouflaging an ugly view, privacy or simply decoration?
If you have a stunning view through the window - emphasise this by dressing the window appropriately to the size of the room.
INFORMATION ON FABRICS
Cotton is a very versatile natural fabric, cool, soft and comfortable as well as breathable and easy care. The cotton fibre is from the cotton plant’s seed pod. "Absorbent" cotton will retain 24-27 times its own weight in water and is stronger when wet than dry. This fibre absorbs and releases perspiration quickly, thus allowing the fabric to "breathe". Cotton can stand high temperatures and takes dyes easily.
Velvet is a popular cotton for throws and cushions. It is woven on a loom that weaves two pieces of fibre at the same time giving velvet a soft and luxurious feel.
Chintz cotton is a fabric we use a lot for the reverse of products or the linings of our handbags. It is a plain, closely woven cotton fabric available in a variety of colours and prints. A glazed finish provides the surface shine and the crisp feel.
Chenille is very popular cotton for throws due to its soft yet thick texture woven in a soft tufted cotton fibre.
Velour feels like a more elastic version of velvet in a mix of smooth and ribbed textures.
Voile is a crisp, sheer, and lightweight fabric.
Silk comes from the larvae of a silkworm. Silk fabric is known for its softness, lustre, beauty and luxurious look. It is one of the higher grade fabrics, which gives the wearer comfort in all types of weather. It keeps the body cool in summer and warm in winter. It is the strongest natural fabric in the world.
It is said that silk was discovered during 2640 B.C. in China. Chinese Empress, Hsi Ling Shi studied the silkworm and learned the art of unwinding the silk from the cocoon and made silk fabric from it. This was the beginning of silk industry in China. Today it holds over 50% of the silk production in the world. Japan ranks second followed by Brazil and India.
Indian silk textiles are popular worldwide because of its sheer variety of designs, weaving and quality. Thai silk is one of the most valued fabrics in the world. and France and Italy are the leading manufacturers of high value sophisticated silk fabrics in Europe.
Weaving is the process by which the fabric is created from interlacing the warp yarns and the weft yarns. It is either done by machines or hand. Hand woven fabric is better than the machine woven. It can make delicate designs with different coloured thread. Modern machines use lances, projectiles, a jet of compressed air to shoot the weft-yarn between the warp-yarns. It leads to greater yield and productivity.
A good quality of silk begins with a warp of approximately 2,000 threads for one metre width. 1,600 threads or 1,800 threads are considered to be poor quality fabric. Loosely woven fabrics are difficult to sew.
There are two main types of silk fabrics. One which is yarn-dyed or dyed-woven, like taffeta, duchess satin and many pattern-woven fabrics. The other type is piece-dyed fabrics, which is carried out after weaving, like crepes, twills, etc. The dyeing process gives the silk different shades.
Printing is giving pattern to the fabric. It is either done by block-printing method, roller-printing method or screen printing. Screen printing is widely used in silk fabrics.
Silk fabric in soft furnishings give the room a luxurious look. Since silk is not a good resistant to abrasion, extra care should be taken. Most silks are hand washable. When washing silk, do not wring but roll in a towel. Silk dries quickly but should not be put in an automatic dryer. Silk may yellow and fade with the use of a high iron setting. Press cloths and a steam iron are recommended. Silk is also weakened by sunlight and perspiration
Wool fabric gives warmth and an attractive appearance. It is soft, yet strong and very durable. It provides warmth when it is cold and keeps the wearer cool when it is hot drawing away perspiration, it will absorb up to 30% of its weight in moisture without feeling damp. It does not wrinkle easily and is a resistant to dirt and wear and tear. The fabric never burns over a flame but only smoulders.
Wool fabric does not only come from sheep. Widely used cashmere sweaters are made from goats originated in Kashmir (India). Mohair wool fabric is obtained from angora goat and angora wool fabric from angora rabbit. The name angora has been derived from the place Angora (Ankara) in Turkey, where these animals originate. Alpaca wool fabric comes from the hair of alpaca animal, a member of the camel family.
Wool, as clothing is being used for over twelve thousand years. The first wool factory was established in Winchester (England) in 50 A.D. by the Romans. In 1797, thirteen merino sheep were sent to Australia by the British to start merino sheep industry. Today, Australia is the leading producer of wool fabric.
There are two different processes used in wool production. Woollen fabrics have a soft feel and fuzzy surface, very little shine or sheen, will not hold creases, and are heavier and bulkier than worsteds. Blankets, scarves, coating, and some fabrics are considered woollens. Worsted wool is smoother than woollen, does not sag, holds a crease well, is lighter and less bulky, and wears longer than woollen. Worsted wool’s require a greater number of processes, during which fibres are arranged parallel to each other. The smoother, harder-surface worsted yarns produce smoother fabrics with a minimum of fuzziness and nap.
Linen symbolising comfort and elegance is also widely known for its antibacterial and antifungi properties. As well as being cool and comfortable, linen is completely biodegradable and waste less. It will not cause irritation or allergies when worn and gives protection against UV radiation.
Linen is the strongest of the vegetable fibres and has 2 to 3 times the strength of cotton. Not only is linen fibre strong, it is smooth, making the finished fabric lint free. Fine china, silver and candles are enhanced by the lustre of linen which only gets softer and finer the more it is washed.
Linen is from flax, a bast fibre taken from the stalk of the plant. The lustre is from the natural wax content. Creamy white to light tan, this fibre can be easily dyed and the colour does not fade when washed. Linen does wrinkle easily but also presses easily. Linen, like cotton, can also be boiled without damaging the fibre.
Polyester fabric is a versatile and man-made fabric resistant to wrinkles, stretching, shrinking and is quick to dry. It requires minimum care and is easily washable.
Polyester is a polymer produced from the coal, air, water, and petroleum products. It was first commercially produced in 1953 by E. I. Du Pont de Nemours & Company, Inc.
Polyester fabric is manufactured in many weights and it is used as fiberfill in pillows and upholstery. In upholstery, polyester is generally blended with wool to eliminate crushing and reduce fading.
Polyester is also used in casement curtains, floor coverings, throws, bedding, and as a cushioning or insulating material.
Embroidered fabric is made by stitching strands to a fabric to give a decorative designs and patterns.
Most embroidery is done by using thread or wool stitched onto a woven fabric. Traditionally embroidery was done by hand but now it is also machine embroidered. Machine embroidery can be used for both, creative work on individual pieces as well as for mass produced clothing products. Literally any evenly woven fabric can be embroidered.
The use of embroidered fabric dates back to 3000 BC in Egypt. Since then different nationalities have contributed their unique designs and techniques.
A printed fabric has a pattern printed on it either with ink or dye. It is usually a flat fabric woven from a variety of threads such as acrylics, nylons, cottons and polyesters cotton. The fabric is tightly woven with rich woven designs and patterns. It adds colour and glamour to the fabrics.
Printed fabric is the mainstay of the garment and soft furnishings industries.
Types of Printing
Block printing first developed in China, the carvers carve fine work on wooden block and then cover it with ink. The wood is pressed upon the fabric to create duplicate pattern of the original.
Roller printing the fabric is fed into a giant set of rollers where a one of the rollers continually imparted a design on the fabric as it rolled past. Usually vertical lines are created on the fabric by this process.
Pigment printing This is the process where pigment is used for printing.
Copperplate printing This process was used on silk which is a pattern printed by disposition. New technique use paper that is run through an inkjet printer and then ironed on to fabric.
Dye sublimation An image is digitally printed in reverse with a special type of dye sublimation toners or inks onto regular media. The image is placed on top of polyester. In scientific terms, a material is directly converted into a gaseous state from solid dying the threads.
Direct printing - This is a type of digital printing to fabric which accepts the ink from inkjet coated printer similar to inkjet paper.